Stock Option Plans
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]|
|Stock Option Plans||
NOTE 13 – STOCK OPTION PLANS
On February 7, 2014, the Company adopted the 2014 Equity Compensation Plan. Under this plan, the Company may issue options to purchase shares of common stock to employees, directors, advisors, and consultants. The aggregate number of shares reserved under this plan upon adoption was 152,101. On April 16, 2015, the majority stockholder of the Company approved an increase in the shares reserved under this plan by 75,000 shares. On December 4, 2018, the stockholders of the Company approved an increase in the shares reserved under this plan by an additional 25,000 shares and authorized the annual increase of the shares reserved under this plan on January 1st of each year, at the discretion of the Board of Directors, by up to such number of shares that is equal to four percent (4%) of the shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of December 31st of the previous calendar year. Accordingly, effective as of January 1, 2020, the shares reserved under this plan were increased by 27,000 shares. An aggregate of 279,101 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance under this plan as June 30, 2020.
Under the terms of the 2014 Equity Compensation Plan and the 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (collectively, the “Plans”), incentive stock options may be granted to employees at a price per share not less than 100% of the fair market value at date of grant. If the incentive stock option is granted to a 10% stockholder, then the purchase or exercise price per share shall not be less than 110% of the fair market value per share of common stock on the grant date. Non-statutory stock options and restricted stock may be granted to employees, directors, advisors, and consultants at a price per share, not less than 100% of the fair market value at date of grant. Options granted are exercisable, unless specified differently in the grant documents, over a default term of ten years from the date of grant and generally vest over a period of four years.
A summary of stock option activity is as follows:
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above is before applicable income taxes and represents the excess amount over the exercise price option recipients would have received if all options had been exercised on June 30, 2020, based on a valuation of the Company’s stock for that day.
A summary of the Company’s non-vested options for the six-months ended June 30, 2020, and year ended December 31, 2019, are presented below:
The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted on each grant date using the Black-Scholes valuation model and recognizes an expense ratably over the requisite service period. The expected dividend yield is zero, because the Company does not anticipate paying a dividend within the relevant timeframe. The risk-free interest rate used is based on the U.S. Treasury constant maturity rate in effect at the time of grant for the expected term of the stock options to be valued. The expected volatility is calculated based on the historical volatility of the Company. Due to a lack of historical information needed to estimate the Company’s expected term, it is estimated using the simplified method allowed. The Company records forfeitures as they occur and reverses compensation cost previously recognized, in the period the award is forfeited, for an award that is forfeited before completion of the requisite service period.
During the six-months ended June 30, 2020, and the year ended December 31, 2019, no options were granted.
Stock-based compensation expense
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense related to options during the:
During the six-months ended June 30, 2020, options to purchase an aggregate of 26,702 shares of common stock expired. During the year ended December 31, 2019, no options expired.
The entire disclosure for share-based payment arrangement.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef